When it come to repairing a pond the most common found problem is a pond leak. A liner pond with a leak may seem like a colossal task to tackle but the steps we list below can help simplify the issue.
How to find a leak in your pond (perform a leak test)
Step 1- Finding a leak in your Pond is about first narrowing down the potential area so we start with turning off the Pump. We do this to find out if the leak is in the Pond or if it is in the Waterfall. Once the Pump is off keep track of the water level. It’s usually easiest to do this by making a mark on a rock to the level of the water. Once you have marked the water level you just have to wait. Track the level for a few hours. If the water level stays the same, then that means it is holding water and the leak is not inside the pond basin (see Step 2)
Step 2- The Pond Basin holding water determines that the leak is not there. Now we need to further narrow down. The leak is either in your waterfall/Stream or in the Plumbing. First, closely inspect your plumbing, especially at the joints. You may have to do some digging where the plumbing connects to your biofalls or skimmer box to thoroughly inspect. If still no signs, inspect your waterfall and stream for a leak. Sometimes this can be caused by an obstruction that creates and damn that overflows the water. It is possible rocks have settled pushing down the pond liner and creating a low spot for water to escape. You can look for clues by checking the perimeter for wet spots. Locating one can help lead you to the source of the leak.
Step 3- If the pond basin water level has dropped since shutting down the pump the leak is somewhere in the pond itself. Continue to leave the pump off and allow the water to drop until it has reached a stopping point. If the water becomes dangerously low for fish and plants you will need to move them to a holding area. Once the water level has stopped falling you want to thoroughly inspect the liner all along the new water level to find the source of the leak. Keep an eye out for any irregularities in the pond liner including falling edges, large holes or even small holes in the liner.
Once you have found the culprit of your pond leak it’s time for repairs. If the liner has simply fallen below the water level, simply pull it back up into place. You may use rocks to prop the liner up to avoid it falling again. If it’s a hole that is found in the liner you can simply patch it.
Patching a hole or tear in your pond liner
In the surrounding area of the hole make sure the liner is clean, void of any folds or wrinkles and completely dry. You can use 6” liner repair tape and adhere it on the area around the puncture making sure it is completely covering the hole and adhered to the liner. A piece of scrap liner can also be used to patch the hole by squeezing silicone on the scrap piece of liner covering the entirety of the side that will be pressed against the hole and adhering to the liner. Apply pressure to all areas of the patch and allow the patch to dry for several hours before refilling the pond or contacting the area with water.